All about the Dual Vocational Training System (Ausbildung) in Germany


Dual training combines theory with practice: You learn the theoretical basics of your industry in a vocational school. In the company, you put your knowledge into practice. 

One way of training for your future occupation in Germany is by pursuing a dual vocational training programme. Such programmes offer plenty of opportunities for on-the-job training and work experience. Programmes usually last between two and three and a half years and consist of theoretical as well as practical elements. You will spend one or two days a week, or several weeks at once, at vocational school (Berufsschule) where you will acquire the theoretical knowledge needed in your future occupation. The rest of the time will be spent at a company, where you get to apply your newly acquired knowledge in practice, for example by learning to operate machinery. You will get to know what your company does, learn how it operates, and find out if you can see yourself working there after completing your training.

The combination of theory and practice gives you a head start for your job: by the time you have completed your training, you will not only have the required technical knowledge, but you will also have hands-on experience in your job. There are around 325 officially recognised training programmes in Germany, so there is a good chance that one of them might suit your interests and talents.

Vocational training and pay

In Germany, students pursuing a vocational training programme receive a monthly salary from the company they work for. On average a trainee has a gross income of around €987.00. Depending on the occupation and region, your salary may be higher or lower. For example, mechatronics engineering trainees have an average gross income of €1,100.00 per month. The salary you receive as a trainee increases with each year of training you complete. 

Source and more info: make-it-in-germany.com


If you would like to apply for vocational training in Germany, your German language skills are very important. 

Depending on the field or the institution you are applying to, level B1 or B2 may be required. Studying German from A1 to B1 takes about 6 months, plus 3 more months to reach B2. 

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These are some of the professions/fields for which applicants are highly sought:

General requirements:

Each company decides at its own discretion which qualifications its candidates need. It also depends on the field you are applying for.  No worries, we have partners who can help you match with potential employers and assist you with the paperwork. 

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